This guideline covers identifying and treating primary hypertension (high blood pressure) in people aged 18 and over. It aims to reduce the risk of cardiovascular problems such as heart attacks and strokes by helping healthcare professionals to diagnose hypertension accurately and treat it effectively. It also aims to reduce unnecessary treatment by improving the way blood pressure is measured.
This guideline includes recommendations on:
- measuring blood pressure
- assessing cardiovascular risk and target organ damage
- lifestyle interventions
- initiating and monitoring antihypertensive drug treatment, including blood pressure targets
- choosing antihypertensive drug treatment
- patient education and adherence to treatment
Who is it for?
- Healthcare professionals
- People who have or may have high blood pressure, their families and carers
- Lovibond K, Jowett S, Barton P, Caulfield M, Heneghan C, Hobbs FD et al. Cost-effectiveness of options for the diagnosis of high blood pressure in primary care: a modelling study.[Erratum appears in Lancet. 2011 Oct 1;378(9798):1218]. Lancet. 2011; 378(9798):1219-1230
- Krause T, Lovibond K, Caulfield M, McCormack T, Williams B, Group. GD. Management of hypertension: summary of NICE guidance. BMJ. 2011; 343:d4891